Are yellow diamonds rare? Diamonds have long been revered for their beauty, durability, and symbolic significance. While white diamonds are the most well-known, yellow diamonds possess a unique and alluring charm that has captured the attention of many gemstone enthusiasts.

But just how rare are these vibrant yellow gems?

That's what we're about to find out in this blog, so keep reading! 

An Overview Of Yellow Diamonds

Are Yellow Diamonds Rare

Yellow diamonds, also known as canary or fancy yellow diamonds, are a fascinating and captivating variety of diamonds that have become increasingly popular in recent years. 

These gems possess a unique and alluring charm, making them popular for engagement rings and other fine jewelry. 

Definition and Characteristics of Yellow Diamonds

Yellow diamonds are a type of diamond that exhibit a yellow hue. The color is caused by nitrogen atoms within the diamond's crystal lattice structure. The intensity of the yellow color can vary greatly, ranging from a light, subtle shade to a deep, rich hue. The most valuable yellow diamonds are those with a strong, vivid color saturation, known as "fancy vivid" yellow diamonds.

Yellow diamonds, like all diamonds, are valued based on the "4 Cs" - carat weight, color, clarity, and cut. In addition to color, yellow diamonds are also graded based on their clarity and cut, with higher quality stones receiving higher grades.

Historical Significance of Yellow Diamonds

Yellow diamonds have a long and storied history, dating back to ancient times. They were first discovered in India, revered for their beauty and believed to possess mystical powers. The famous "Golden Jubilee" diamond, the largest cut yellow diamond in the world, was gifted to King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand on his 50th coronation anniversary.

Types Of Yellow Diamonds

Yellow diamonds come in a variety of shapes and sizes, each with its own unique characteristics. Some of the most common types of yellow diamonds include:

  1. Canary Diamonds - These diamonds are named for their intense, bright yellow color, which resembles that of a canary bird. They are highly valued for their beauty and rarity.
  2. Intense Yellow Diamonds - These diamonds have a deep, rich yellow color, highly prized in the diamond market. They are often referred to as "fancy vivid" yellow diamonds.
  3. Light Yellow Diamonds - These diamonds have a subtle, pale yellow color, less valuable than more intense shades of yellow. However, they can still be quite beautiful and are often used as accent stones in jewelry.

Factors That Affect Diamond Rarity

Diamonds are renowned for their rarity, and various factors contribute to their overall value and scarcity. And just like other diamonds, specific factors affect yellow diamond's rarity and make them unique in the world of gemstones.

Let's explore some of these factors in detail.

Diamond Color Grading Systems

The rarity of yellow diamonds is also influenced by the color grading systems used to assess their quality. The Gemological Institute of America (GIA), one of the most renowned and widely recognized gemological organizations, uses a scale from D (colorless) to Z (light yellow or brown) to grade diamonds based on their color.

Yellow diamonds that fall within the higher end of this scale, from D to Z, are relatively more common and less valuable. However, yellow diamonds that exhibit a more intense and vivid yellow color, often referred to as "fancy vivid" or "fancy intense" yellow diamonds, are incredibly rare and highly prized.

Diamond Clarity And Carat Weight

Clarity and carat weight can also affect the rarity of yellow diamonds. Like all diamonds, yellow diamonds are graded for their clarity, which refers to the presence of internal or external blemishes, known as inclusions or blemishes, respectively.

Diamonds with fewer or no inclusions are considered more valuable and rare. Additionally, the carat weight of a diamond, which refers to its size, can also impact its rarity. Large yellow diamonds are incredibly rare, and as the carat weight increases, the rarity and value of the diamond tend to increase as well.

Are Yellow Diamonds Rare?

Yes, yellow diamonds are considered rare compared to other diamond colors. As mentioned in the previous section, only around 0.1% of all naturally occurring diamonds exhibit a yellow color, making them a particularly uncommon find. This rarity is due to the specific conditions required for diamonds to form with a yellow hue, as well as the presence of nitrogen atoms during the diamond's formation process.

Yellow Diamonds

Furthermore, the rarity of yellow diamonds is also influenced by the specific color grading systems used to assess their quality, with the more vivid and intense yellow diamonds being the rarest and most valuable. This rarity and value are reflected in the prices of yellow diamonds, which can be significantly higher than those of white or other colored diamonds of the same size and clarity.

In addition, yellow diamonds have a rich historical significance and have been sought after by royalty and the wealthy for centuries. Some of the most famous and valuable yellow diamonds in the world include the Tiffany Yellow Diamond, the Allnatt Diamond, and the Golden Jubilee Diamond. These diamonds are rare and have a cultural and historical significance that adds to their desirability and value.


In conclusion, yellow diamonds are undoubtedly rare and highly valued in the world of gemstones. Several factors contribute to their rarity and unique beauty, from their formation process to their color grading systems. The scarcity of these diamonds and their cultural and historical significance make them a cherished choice for those seeking a truly exceptional and valuable gemstone.


Are yellow diamonds the rarest?

Yellow diamonds may not be the rarest among the fancy colored diamonds, such as red, pink, and blue, but they are still much less common than colorless diamonds. As with other luxury items, finding rare yellow diamonds, particularly larger ones with intense color saturation, can be challenging.

What makes a yellow diamond expensive?

Nitrogen molecules within a diamond absorb blue light, causing the diamond to exhibit a yellow tint. The intensity of this hue varies depending on the concentration of nitrogen present. A canary diamond, for example, can range from having a subtle yellow tint to a vibrant, intense hue. The latter is considered rarer and, therefore, more valuable.

Are yellow diamonds rarer than white?

Fancy vivid yellow diamonds are less common in nature than white diamonds, so they are priced higher in the market. The price disparity between the two types of diamonds is even more pronounced when dealing with larger carat sizes.